There are many Scots that helped to bring a form of Libertarian flavour to history. Adam Smith was not originally known as an economist. His story, in find, is equally as interesting as the works that came from him. To this end I submit a book I found that shares the man behind the author of such great works as An Enquiry into Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations and The Theory of Moral Sentiments. The came to pass from both his instruction and subsequent involvement in the period know as The Enlightenment Period.
Adam Smith – a Primer
Of all the books I have read the following has made one of the biggest impacts. Taking the framework of the U.S. from this and transposing any other country makes for some rather interesting means to a libertarian government...
For a New Liberty: The Libertarian Manifesto
Please note: Any books represented are freely available and in the public domain. This book and many like it can be found from Mises.org, as well as many I reference to the right side of the blog.